Lyme disease is transmitted through a tick bite and at least three or more types of Borrelia bacteria are the main reason behind this health problem, these bacteria are B. Afzelii, B. Garinii, Borrelia burgdorferi etc.
A person who is affected by Lyme disease develops various types of symptoms like fever, rashes (bull’s eye shape), headaches, joints pain and fatigue. Diagnosing this disease is quite difficult and a wide range of medical tests are conducted by the Lyme disease specialist to determine the actual presence of the illness.
Thousands of people suffer from Lyme disease in Australia, and you will find millions of people suffering from this disease, many of those don’t even realise that they’re suffering from this chronic disease. The Lyme bacteria are quite similar to the one behind syphilis. Bloodstream and body tissue are used by these bacteria to move the body of the patient. It changes its shape from spiral to ball and develops fibrin (a protective shell). By doing this, it successfully stays away from the clutches of a body’s immune system.
Lyme disease can be divided into three different phases:
- Skin inflammation and body rashes in early stages
- Heart and nervous system gets affected in middle stages
- Arthritis, brain inflammation and nerve damage might occur in the later stages of this chronic disease.
Here are some of the negative effects of Lyme disease on our body.
Painful and swollen joints are developed in patients who don’t receive proper medication after getting infected. Severe recurrent attacks have to be faced by patients and these effects can last of many days. Usually, knee is most affected joint and pain switches from joint too joint. Near about 20% patients of Lyme disease develop arthritis. Joints can be damaged beyond repair if proper medical care is not taken.
- Bull’s Eye Rash
Within a week (in some cases a month) a rash in the shape of Bull’s eye will appear, usually around the area where tick bite occurred. It might begin from a small red spot and then becoming quite large in shape. The shape of the rash is generally circular and these rashes are not itchy or painful. Even if the patient doesn’t receive treatment for Lyme disease, the rash disappears after a month.
- Heart Problems
In some patients, Lyme disease might slow down the heartbeat causing breathing problems & dizziness. Generally not every patient of Lyme disease suffers from heart problems. The symptoms of this disease vary from patient to patient. Visit a Lyme disease specialist to know more about this illness.
- Neurological Issues
Lyme disease severely affects nervous system of a human body. It causes a variety of issues in human body such as numbness, pain and weakness in limbs, stiff neck, severe headache and Bell’s palsy (temporary paralysis of facial muscles).
Final Thoughts: Cases of Lyme disease in Australia have seen a recent surge. You should visit a Lyme disease specialist before it affects your body negatively.